Aswan University branch was established in 1974 affiliated to Assuit University and the study was begun in it in October 1973-1974 in the Faculty of Education. The first bachelor degree was granted in 1978. In 1995 a presidential decree no.23 for 1995 was issued to establish South Valley University, and then the university branch became affiliated to South Valley University.
In 2012, Aswan university was established as a dependence university according to the presidential decree no.311 in 11-6-2013. The university includes 15 faculties (faculty of Arts- faculty of Education-faculty of Social Work- faculty of Engineering- faculty of Energy Engineering- faculty of Veterinary Medicine- faculty of Agriculture- faculty of Nursing- faculty of Languages and Translation- faculty of Medicine- faculty of fishes and fisheries Technology- faculty of Commerce- faculty of Archaeology- faculty of Specific Education)”