Natural resources


A – Freshwater sources: existing resources: surface water – the development of existing resources: the projects of developing the Nile River – ways of rationalizing the sources of fresh water, irrigation, drainage and river navigation – the role of industry in maintaining fresh water, drinking water and methods of treatment and methods of preservation.

B – Marine resources, minerals and petroleum: marine resources of metals – the exploitation and development of marine resources – the continental shelves – sources of crude oil – methods of rationalization and preservation of energy resources.

C – Genetic Resources: the importance of genetic resources for food and agriculture – the case of plant genetic resources and livestock for food and agriculture – determine the genetic diversity – Methods of maintenance and protection of plant genetic resources and animal – the international conventions that govern the exchange of genetic resources and their sustainable use and sharing of benefits arising from the use of those resources equitably.


Topic No. of hours per week
1.    Marine mineral resources 4
2.    Continental shelves 4
3.    Major constituents of marine deposits 4
4.    Manganese nodules 4
5.    Present Fresh Water Resources 4
6.    Development of Fresh Water Resources 4
7.    Fresh Water Conservation Policies 4
8.    Importance of Genetic Resources 4
9.    Background to biodiversity Genetic resources for food and agriculture. 4
10. State of the world gene-banks. International obligations. 4
11. Biological conservation in context 4
12. Biodiversity 4


Teacher Introduction

General Information

Author: Prof. Dr. Salah Hassouna, Prof. Samir Nassar, Prof. Afaf Hafez
Credit Points: 3 CP
Estimated Effort: 4 h / week
Start: Mar, 01 2015
End: Jun, 18 2015